SEO Basics // From Alt Tags to Keywords

February 16, 2017
Emily Cohen

“We need to improve our SEO! What is our SEO rank? How do we do better in SEO?” These are the cries heard across the country as SEO becomes the new buzz word in digital marketing strategies. 

seo tags, seo, seo basics, push10 digital marketing, push10, philadelphia seo, philadelphia digital marketing, search engine optimizationBut what is SEO really?

Search Engine Optimization, most commonly known as SEO, is the methodology of strategies, techniques and tactics used to increase the amount of visitors to a website by obtaining a high-ranking placement in the search results page of a search engine (SERP) — including Google, Bing, Yahoo and other search engines. (Webopedia)

Before we get into best practices, let’s dive into some of the SEO basics


SEO keywords are the words and phrases in your web content that make it possible to find your site through the searches they type into Google (or any other major search engine). By identifying keywords, you are telling Google what the content on your page is about. The goal is to select the keywords that are most likely to match up to what the visitor will search.

  • Ex. If your article is about how to make decorate your room on a budget, you may want to pick a focus keyword like “cheap DIY decor” or “DIY home decor”. 
  • Google will then assess the relevancy of your content to that designated keyword by how many times they find “DIY home decor” or related keywords in your article. The frequency to which these keywords are found on the page, is known as keyword density. Increasing keyword density for your focus keyword and relevant phrases is one way to boost your overall SEO rank.


There are a few different types of tags when it comes to SEO:

  • Title Tags – Title tags are the name of the page that will appear of in the SERP (Search Engine Results Page). It is important that your title aligns with subject and content of the page. 
    • Ex. If you have a page that details a specific service you offer, let’s say for a law firm specializing in immigration law, your title may read something like “Immigration Law Services at Generic Law Firm”.
    • However, what you may think is a relevant title may not align with how other’s search.
  • Meta Tags – Meta tags are snippets of text that describe the page’s content. These tags do not appear on the page itself, they exist within the code of the page.
    • Since the best usages of meta tags has become a bit trickier over time, this article may help.seo tags, seo title tag, meta tags, search engine optimization, seo, seo basics
  • Alt Tags – Alt tags (short for alternative tags) exist on images.
    • Ex. If you were to upload a picture of a dog in a field, you may want to add the following tags such as “dog”, “puppy”, “golden retriever”, “golden retriever in a field”, “dog in the grass”.
    • By adding multiple tags, both basic and descriptive, you can increase your chances that Google will display your image in search results and increase your SEO rank by determining the relevancy of your content to your focus keywords, and other tags.
    • Google’s algorithm is only capable of processing text, meaning it cannot determine the content of your images, videos, etc. In order for Google to be able to “see” this media content, you can append alt tags.
    • Alt tags serve as a text description of your media content, allowing Google to assess how relevant this content is to a search entered by a visitor.
  • Blog Post Tags – Adding tags to blog posts on WordPress allows you to better categorize the content of your posts, while also adding more information for Search Engines. 
    • Using the same above article as an example, you may want to tag the blog post with such terms as “Political News”, “Christian Politics”, “2016 Election”. These tags may vary depending on how you would like to categorize your blog post entries.
    • While using these tags may not have a direct impact on your SEO rank, it will indirectly help your rankings by improving the usability of your site and lending more information about the content of your article.

Learning SEO lingo is no different than learning any new subject. The best way to understand it is to study and practice!

But if you find you don’t have the time, reach out to us! Let our savvy marketing team evaluate your site’s SEO and show you how to boost your ranking (and your business).